European Space Agency / Arianespace

Ariane 1 Ariane 2 Ariane 3 Ariane 40

Overall
Vehicle

Operational from 24.12.1979 30.05.1986 04.08.1984 22.01.1989
  to 22.02.1986 02.04.1989 12.07.1989 26.09.1993
Orbital flights   11 6 11 3
Payload weight t GTO 1.85 GTO 2.18 GTO 2.70 SSO 2.75
Gross liftoff weight t 211.50 220.95 240.97 307.30
Gross propellant weight t 189.905 198.86 213.56 279.97
Total length m 47.46 49.10 49.10 56.18
Max. diameter (span) m 7.60 7.60 7.60 7.60
Total liftoff thrust (s.l.) kN 2,386 2,580 3,840 2,715
Total impulse (vac) MN*s 519.5 545.4 583.0 785.7

Fairing

Total length m 8.30 8.65 8.65 8.60
Diameter m 3.20 3.20 3.20 4.00
Total weight t 0.70 0.73 0.91 (+SYLDA) 0.80 (+ASAP)

Stage 3

Name   H-8 H-10 H-10 H-10

 

Length (+VEB) m 8.60 9.89 9.89 10.72
Diameter m 2.60 2.60 2.60 2.60 (4.00)
Liftoff weight (+VEB) t 10.02 12.74 12.74 12.58 (13.11)
Propellant weight t 8.245 10.800 10.800 10.800
Engines   HM-7A HM-7B HM-7B HM-7B
Propellant   LH2/LOX LH2/LOX LH2/LOX LH2/LOX
Total thrust (vac) kN 62.4 64.2 64.2 64.2
Specific impulse (vac) N*s/kg 4315 4336 4336 4336
Burn time s 570 729 729 729
Total impulse (vac) MN*s 35.6 46.8 46.8 46.8
Stage 2

Name

  L-33 L-33 L-33 L-33

 

Length m 11.47 11.47 11.47 11.47
Diameter m 2.60 2.60 2.60 2.60
Liftoff weight t 38.01 39.41 39.41 39.21
Propellant weight t 34.09 35.49 35.49 35.49
Engines   Viking-4 Viking-4B Viking-4B Viking-4B+
Propellant   UDMH/N2O4 UH25/N2O4 UH25/N2O4 UH25/N2O4
Total thrust (vac) kN 713 784.8 784.8 807.8
Specific impulse (vac) N*s/kg 2844 2851 2851 2870
Burn time s 136 128.9 128.9 126
Total impulse (vac) MN*s 96.7 101.2 101.2 101.9
Stage 1

Name

  L-140 L-140 L-140 L-220

 

Length m 19.09 19.09 19.09 25.39
Diameter m 3.80 3.80 3.80 3.80
Liftoff weight t 160.89 165.89 165.89 251.43
Propellant weight t 147.57 152.57 152.57 233.68
Engines 4 Viking-5 Viking-5B Viking-5B Viking-5C
Propellant   UDMH/N2O4 UH25/N2O4 UH25/N2O4 UH25/N2O4
Total thrust (s.l.) kN 2,386 2,580 2,580 2,715
Specific impulse (s.l.) N*s/kg 2345 2376 2376 2432
Burn time s 145 138 138 209.5
Total impulse (vac) MN*s 387.2 397.4 397.4 637.0
Booster

Name

      2 PAP  

 

Length m     8.32  
Diameter m 1.07
Liftoff weight t 19.32
Propellant weight t 14.70
Engines   SEP P 7.35
Propellant   solid CTPB
Total thrust (s.l.) kN 1,260 (av)
Specific impulse (s.l.) N*s/kg 2314
Burn time s 27
Total impulse (vac) MN*s 37.6