Taiwan’s Space launch Vehicle
Little has been publicly revealed about the specification of Taiwan's first
Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV). It should be able to place a 50 kg payload to
a 500–700 km orbit with a 22.3 degrees inclination angle and a tip-off rate
of less than 10 degrees per axis.
This SLV will be an upgrade based on existing sounding rockets and will consist
of four solid propellant stages with two strap-on solid rocket boosters.
Therefore it will be in the same class of the Indian SLV-3. The inaugural launch
is scheduled to take place during the second phase of the 2004-2018 space project,
placing an indigenously-made satellite into orbit and after the preparatory
launches of 10 to 15 sounding rockets.
NSPO's Sounding Rockets
The National Space Organization (NSPO) is currently engaged in a 15-year
space technology development program that focuses on the development of innovative
and emerging technologies completely in-country. The program is to strengthen
the self-reliance of the Taiwan space industry, and position it to meet current
and future needs of the Taiwan space program. Under this context, the NSPO has
long taken efforts in designing aerospace components, fabricating payload instruments
for suborbital and orbital spaceflights, improving rocket technologies, establishing
test flight platforms, and gaining a better understanding of the Earth's plasma
environment and of other events in the ionosphere. The latter can interfere
with radio communications, global positioning systems (GPS), ground electrical
systems, and low-Earth satellite orbits.
Taiwan's Sounding rocket based
on the Tien Kung missile, at the start supported by an additional solid
booster with a diameter of 0.57 m. The diameter of the Tien Kung is 0.41
Tien-Kung, a surface-to-air missile
system designed for air defense against intensive aircraft attack,equipped with
a single stage dual thrust solid propellant rocket motor and guided by mid-course
inertial reference and radar in the terminal phase, is capable of multi-target
tracking and automatic multi-target engagement. In 1993 Taiwan bought surface-to-air
missile (SAM) system components from Raytheon of the USA. There were direct
offsets - joint development and technology transfers. Taiwan is to develop and
produce this Tien Kung SAM system, a derivative of the Patriot PAC-2 missile.