What we know about the
"Saman-1" kick-stage for the Simorgh IRILV
Norbert Brügge, Germany
As far as we know, the Saman-1 has so
far been used three times without success on the Simorgh as a kick stage for
the insertion of satellites into an earth orbit. In two cases (2017 and 2019)
we have to assume malfunctions.
The Saman-1 was presented for the first time at an exhibition
in early February 2017 as an unfinished model. Already at the end of July
of the same year, the Saman-1 was taken over for the Simorgh, as we know,
The heart of the kick-stage is a spherical solid-fuel motor of unknown type,
which was presented together with the model Saman-1 in 2017. It could be an
early problematic motor from the Arash series that was responsible for the
Saman-1 presentation model
Saman-1 flight model
flight model differs significantly from the presentation model.
Fundamental changes cannot be overlooked.
It is planned to replace the problematic
solid-fuel motor by the Arash-24
motor in order to increase the reliability of the Saman-1. Vacuum function
tests of such a motor that were previously lacking were started in 2019.
TEHRAN, 2020, Jan. 18
-- Head of Iran's Space Research Center says the new achievement includes
the design and development of various versions of “Arash space engine” the
first sample of which was tested successfully late 2019.
Arash space engine will be put in the orbital transfer system to help thrust
satellites from the low orbit into the high orbit. The satellite's orbital
transmission system increases the orbital range of the satellite and directs
it to a height of 400 kilometers above the earth's surface. From there, it
will be possible to navigate the satellite up to an orbit of 700 kilometers
from the earth using space engines.
TEHRAN, 2019, Dec.17 --
President of Iran's Space Research Center Hossein Samimi announced that the
first sample of its Arash-24 space motor was tested successfully in vacuum
Vacuum test arrangement
13 kN (av.)
Isp 286.5 sec
Burn time 40 sec
Flow rate 4.625 kg/sec