The first Soviet S-25 SAM-system V-300 (Berkut)

-- Some images to this unique liquid fueled missiles --

Norbert Brügge, Germany
 

The V-300 (Berkut) was the first surface-to-air missile deployed by the Soviet Union. The V-300 is a single-stage liquid fueled missile. The development began in 1950, first guided launch was in 1953, and by 1956, more as thoused of launchers were deployed in defence around Moscow. The system was upgraded with improved missiles and ground systems into the 1960's.

At the end of 1950 Isayev's OKB-2 began development of the 9 tonne thrust engine for the missile. This was based on the four-chamber R101B-3600 in development for the R-101B. The resulting engine for the first V-300/La205 missile, the S09.29.0-0, differed from the R101B-3600 only in a beefed-up structure and propellant feed lines. The engine was pressure-fed using a ram air compression system.

Further factory trials of the engine planned for the V-300/La205 missile showed that the loss of the hermetic seal in the chamber head resulted in thrust oscillations. The fix was a version with a sealed chamber head, designated S09.29.0-0B. In 1952 this modification was mounted in a V-300/La205 airframe.

In 1953, after the death of Stalin, the Berkut system was redesignated S-25.

 

Missile

Engine (OKB Isayev)

Propellant

Remark

La205

S09.29.0-0B (4)

TG-02/AK-20

 

La206

S2.145

La205 with single engine S2.145; canceled

La207

S09.29.0-0V (4)

Isayev has planned single engine S2.145

La207A

S2.260

TG-02/AK-20F

 

La208

S09.29.0-0B (4)

TG-02/AK-20

La207A with other engine; canceled

La215

S2.260

TG-02/AK-20F

La207A with nuclear WH

La217A

S2.751B

TG-02/AK-20K

 

La217M

S5.1

TG-02/AK-20K

 

La217MA

S5.41

TG-02/AK-27I

 

La217MAM

S5.44

core 5Ya25

La218

 S5.1  La217M with nuclear WH

La219

S5.44 (variant)

La217MAM with core 5Ya24

 

La205

La207


   
La205



S09.29.0                    S2.145
                                      (planned)


La205

 


La205
 


La207

 

 

La207A





S2.260 engine


 


 


 

 

La217A

         

 

 

S2.751B

 

 

 

 

 

La217M

La218

       

 


S5.1 engine

 

 

La217MA

La217MAM

La219



 


S5.44 engine

 


 


 


 

 

 

RM-75
Target


On the basis of V-300 anti-aircraft rocket La217MA which expired their service life, there were designed, tested and put into the serial production the following types of the RM-75 rocket-targets: KUNITSA (1965-1970), SOBOL (1970-1975), BELKA (1975-1988), ZVEZDA (1988-1993) and STRIZH (1994 to the present time).
The rocket-target RM-75 consist of two modifications: RM-75MV  for low altitudes and RM-75V for high altitude.


 


 


Belka


 


Strizh