Spacecraft-propulsion blocks (KDU)
 from Isayev's design bureau (now Khimmash)

Norbert Brügge, Germany

1. Civilian space-transport and orbital modules

Spacecraft

KDU

-engine

Fuel

 Variants

Period Sum
 Soyuz 7K-L1 KTDU-53 S5.53 UDMH/AK-27I Sond 4...8 1967 - 1970 12
 Soyuz KTDU-60 S5.60 + S5.35 (2) Soyuz 1 ... 40, Progress 1966 - 1990 102
 Soyuz-T KTDU-426 11D426 UDMH/N2O4 Soyuz-T 1978 - 1986 18
 Soyuz-TM KTDU-80 S5.80 Soyuz-TM(A), Progress-M(M) 1986 - 2016  
 
 DOS 1...2 module KTDU-66 S5.66 + S5.35 (2)  ? UDMH/AK-27I Salut 1 1971 - 1972 2
 DOS 3...4 module KTDU-66 S5.66 + S5.35 (2)  ? Salut 4 1973 - 1974 2
 DOS 5...8 module KRD-79 S5.79 UDMH/N2O4 Salut 6, Salut 7, Mir, Zvezda 1977 - 2000 4
 TKS module KRD-442 11D442 Almaz-1, Mir-modules, Zarya 1976 - 1998 18
 
 LOK (Block I) KTDU-51 S5.62 + S5.51 (2) UDMH/N2O4 - - -
 LK (Block E)   RD-858 + RD-859 (2) - -  -

2. Lunar and IP probes (+ HEEO spacecrafts)*

Spacecraft

 KDU -engine Fuel Period Sum
 Molniya-1 KDU-414 S5.31 UDMH/AK-27I 1964 - 1990 82
KDU-414A
 Molniya-2 KDU-414A 1971 - 1977 17
 Molniya-3 1974 - 1999 50
 Molniya-1T KDU-? ? 1990 - 2004 16
 Molniya-3K 2001 - 2005 4
 
 Luna 4 ... 14 KTDU-5 S5.5 TG-02/AK-27I 1963 - 1968 20
 Luna 15 ... 16 KRD-417 ? UDMH/N2O4 1969 - 1981 17
 Luna 17... 24
 (return module) KRD-61 S5.61
 
 Mars-1M KDU-1 S5.9

TG-02/AK-27I (?)

1960 2
 Venera-1V KDU-2 S5.14 1961 2
 2MV (Mars-1)  KDU-? S5.17

UDMH/AK-27I

1962 3
 2MV (Venus) KDU-? S5.19 1962 3
 3MV (Venera 2 .. 3, Sond 1...3) KDU-? S5.45 1963 - 1965 9
 Venera 4 ... 8 1967 - 1972 8
 Mars 2 ... 3 KTDU-425 ?

?

1969 - 1971 5
 Venera  9 ... 16 KTDU-425A ?

UDMH/N2O4

1975 - 1983 8
 Mars 4 ... 7 1973 4
 VEGA 1 ... 2 1984 2
 Phobos 1...2 (Fregat) S5.92

UDMH/N2O4

1988 2
 Mars 8 (96) 1996 1
 Phobos-Grunt - 0
 
 Astron KTDU-425A (?) ?

UDMH/N2O4

1983 1
 Granat 1989 1
 Arkon (ARAKS) 1997, 2002 2
*some of this is uncertain

3. Zenit spacecrafts

Spacecraft

Deorbit KDU

Orbit-engine

Fuel

Standard

Period Sum

Civilian variants

 Korabl

TDU-1
 (S5.4)

-

TG-02/AK-27I

 Korabl

1960 - 1965 19 Vostok Voskhod  
 Zenit-2  Zenit-2 1961 - 1984 79      

 Zenit-4

 Zenit-4 1963 - 1970 79      

 Zenit-2M

 Hektor 1968 - 1979 96+16  Hektor-Priroda
 (1975-1979)
 Bion
 (1973-1996)
 
 Zenit-4M 11D82M
 (solid)
S5.120 UDMH/N2O4  Rotor 1968 - 1974 61      
 Zenit-4MK S5.120  Hermes 1969 - 1977 80      
 Zenit-4MT - -  Orion 1971 - 1982 23+4 Energiya
 
(1972,1978)
 Efir
 
(1984,1985)
 
 Zenit-4MKT -  Fram 1975 - 1985 27+17 Foton-F1
 
(1985-1999)
Foton-F2
 
(2002, 2005)
Foton-M
 
(2002-2007)
 Zenit-4MKM -  Herakl 1977 - 1980 39      
 Zenit-6 (U) S5.120 UDMH/N2O4  Argon 1976 - 1993 96+52 Resurs-F1
1979-1993
   
 Zenit-8 S5.120  Oblik 1984 - 1999 102+12 Resurs-F2
(1987-1999)
   

4. Yantar spacecrafts with spherical capsule

Spacecraft

KDU

 -engine

  Orbit-engine

Fuel Standard Period Sum Civilian variants
 Yantar-1KF 11D461   -

UDMH/N2O4

 Siluet

1981 - 2005

12  
 Yantar-1KFT S5.120  Kometa 1984 - 2000 9  
  14D520 S5.461  -  Kometa 2013 1 Bion-M
   -  Kometa 2014 0 Foton-MF

5. Other Yantar spacecrafts

Spacecraft

KDU

 -engine

  Orbit-engine

Fuel Standard Period Sum Civilian variants
 Yantar-2K 11D430  S5.461 ? - UDMH/N2O4  Feniks

1974 - 1981

27  
 Yantar-4K1 11D452 -  Oktant

1979 - 1983

12  
 Yantar-4K2  Kobalt

1981 - 2002

84  
 Yantar-4K2M  Kobalt-M

2004 - 2012

8  
 Yantar-4KS1 11D462 -  Terilen 1982 - 1990 13  
 Yantar-4KS2  Neman 1991 - 2000 9  
 Yantar-6K 11D453 -  Orlets (Don) 1989 - 2006 8  
  14D520  S5.461 -  

2006

1 Resurs-DK
   

2013 - 2014

2 Resurs-P
   Lotos-S

2009

1  
 

Lotos

2014 - 2015

2

 

 

Pion-NKS

2014

1

Fikus